PHP辅导 | ISYS1101/ 1102 Database Applications A1 – Building a web application


Important Information

The objective of this assignment is to reinforce what you have learned in the lectures and tute/ lab sessions. Specifically, it involves how to create a simple web application that connects to an Oracle database server. In order to achieve this learning outcome, you will attain skills in a multitude of areas, specifically, database requirements analysis, conceptual modeling, physical database design, wring efficient SQL queries, query optimisation, embedding SQL queries in PHP applications, and hosting a dynamic web application.

Simple web applications can be designed using a two-tier architecture, in which a client communicates directly with a server. In this assignment, a PHP web application communicates directly with an Oracle database using the PHP Oracle Database Connectivity API (OCI suite of APIs.)

The application you build in this assignment involves the creation of a number of PHP pages. In each of these pages you use HTML and CSS to implement a simple interface, and use PHP (with

Assessment Type: Individual assignment; no group work. Submit online via Canvas –> Assignments –> Assignment 1. Marks awarded for meeting requirements as closely as possible. Clarifications/updates may be made via announcements/relevant discussion forums.

Due date: 23:59, Sunday 01 September 2019

Late submissions of assignments will be penalised as follows. For 1 to 5 days late, a penalty of 10% (i.e. 10% out of total marks, not 10% out of your marks) per day. For assignments more than 5 days late, 100% penalty applies. If you submit between 00:00 02 September and 23:59 02 September, your penalty is 10%. If you submit between 00:00 03 September and 23:59 03 September, 20% penalty, and so on.

Weighting: 20 marks

OCI API) to perform the logic that directly queries the database and inserts the retrieved data back into web pages.

The main emphasis in this assignment is the database backend. While it is essential to have good PHP and web programming skills, they do not primarily contribute to your assessment outcomes.

Assessment Criteria

This assessment will determine your ability to:

for the system;

statements for generating table schemas;

database you built;

php, Javascript and any other required tools;

Learning Outcomes

This assessment will assess how you attained the following course learning outcomes:

CLO 1: apply advanced data analysis and modeling concepts, physical design, integrity, security and transaction management.
CLO 2: create triggers, stored procedures and functions to enhance the usability of a database;

CLO 3: apply techniques for efficient storing, accessing, securing, and recovering of data; CLO 4: build an efficient database application with an emphasis on storage management, indexing, and query optimisation;
CLO 6: develop a simple web-based interface for a database.

Preparation Work

You are required to be able to write code in HTML, PHP, Javascript and any other programming/ scripting languages to build a fully-fledged web database application. More importantly, you should be able to use Oracle oci API within a PHP program. In order to acquire this pre-requisite knowledge, you must complete Week 2 lab session (and, if you haven’t done any web programming before, Lynda tutorials listed in Week 2 Pre-lecture activities).

Another learning outcome of this assignment is to learn to use an industry-standard ER modeling tool to draw the ER model and generate SQL DDL statements for generating table schemas. We use Oracle SQL Developer tool for this purpose. Complete Part 2 of the Week 3 Tute/ Lab session prior to attempting the data modeling part of this assignment.

Assessment Details

Let’s assume that a decision has been made to develop a light version (called Facebook-Lite) of the ever-popular Facebook application. This light version has limited functionalities compared to the full version. Only core functionalities are to be retained. You are tasked with the design of the database backend and web frontend.

After a careful analysis, the following core functionalities are to be retained in the light version.

The system stores information on members; each member is uniquely identified by email and a full name, screen name, date of birth, gender, status, and location are to be stored. Each member has a visibility level on Facebook-Lite (private, friends-only, or everyone).

As in the case of Facebook, members form networks of friends. A friendship is always between two members. A member can send a friend request to another member. Once that member accepts the request, they become friends on Facebook-Lite. Each friendship has a start date.

Members can make posts on Facebook-Lite. A post has a unique postID and a body and a timestamp. Facebook-Lite only allows textual posts.

Other members can respond to posts. They can also respond to previous responses. Responses are identical to posts in structure, so, they share the same structure as in the original post. Each response will have a parent post or a parent response.

Members can “like” posts and responses. The system keeps track of likes, specifically the member who makes the like and the corresponding post/ response. No other information is required on likes.

Summary of Tasks:

Task Descriptions:

There are three milestones in this assignment.

Milestone 1:

You are required to build the data model for this application using an Entity-Relationship diagram. This diagram should be developed on Oracle SQL Developer. This diagram should be of professional quality with sufficient details that any other database personnel should be able to comprehend.

Then, convert your data model into the physical database design and finally generate the DDL script to build the back-end database schema for the application.

In order to complete this milestone, you are required to demonstrate your workings and the final DDL script to your tutor during Week 4 lab sessions. It is very important to get it marked off by the tutor before you proceed to Milestone 2. If your design does not meet the business requirements, your tutor will allow you to make any amendments (only once) and present again for evaluation.

Milestone 2:

In this milestone, you will develop SQL scripts required to do all the CRUD (create, read, update and delete) operations associated with various functions of the application. Most of these functions will require more than one SQL statement. These SQL statements are then embedded within PHP scripts using Oracle oci API.

Application homepage:

The home page will have a small form to enter the username and password of a facebook- lite user. There must be a link to another page for new users to create a new account. When the form is submitted, the user credentials are checked and if correct, the user will be taken to their main page.

New User Creation page:

This page will ask for email (used as username, as well as communication) and a full name, screen name, date of birth, gender, status, and the location. Furthermore, the user will be required to enter their visibility level. Read problem specification for details. Once the account is created, the user will be taken to their main page.

Main page:

This page will have several sections. (1) at the middle section, it shows up posts (your own as well as friends). Beneath each post, there is a button “like” it and a test box to end comments/ responses. (2) at the top of posts, there must be a text box to enter your new posts. (3) the right-hand pane is for managing friendships. At the top, it will show a list of pending friendship requests (if any). At the bottom section of the right pane, will let the user to search other users and send friendship requests. (4) The left-hand pane is for managing your account. It should have links to separate pages for updating the profile, and for deleting the account.

Account Profile Maintenance page:

This page should allow you to change your screen name, status, location, and visibility level.

You are required to complete this milestone by the due date and submit your codebase, by following the submission instructions.

Milestone 3:

You are required to do a demo of your complete application hosted on the school’s web server. These demos will be conducted during the week of 9th September (Week 7). You should have some users and posted already stored in the application and the tutor will test out the functionality by adding new users, posts, likes, and responses.

Tutors will use a standard testing plan for all submissions and you will only receive your second milestone marks if you can demonstrate the functionality of your application in this milestone.

Submission Format

First zip your public_html folder using one of the standard zip programs (gzip in core teaching servers is the preferred mode of zipping.) Rename the zipped file with your student number (say, s1234567.gz) and submit it on Canvas. It is your responsibility to make sure the submission is (1) complete; (2) correctly zipped; (3) retains the directory structure; and (5) executable on core- teaching servers. Please verify that your submission is correctly submitted by downloading what you have submitted to see if the files include the correct contents.

Academic integrity and plagiarism

Academic integrity is about the honest presentation of your academic work. It means referencing the work of others while developing your own insights, knowledge, and ideas.

Breaches of academic integrity include:

plagiarism and failure to correctly acknowledge sources
contract cheating or paying another person to prepare an assignment submitting work prepared by another person
copying other people’s work
cheating in exams
breaching the Research Code
using unauthorised materials or devices


The penalties for breaching academic integrity are severe – they include charges of academic misconduct, cancellation of results and exclusion from your course.

For further information on our policies and procedures, please refer to the University website. (

Assessment declaration

When you submit work electronically, you agree to the assessment declaration. ( exams/assessment/assessment-declaration)

Points Submitting

a file upload

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1 Sep Everyone 4 Aug at 0:00 8 Sep at 23:59